DeLong - TB-28 - History

DeLong - TB-28 - History


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DeLong

George W. DeLong, born 22 August 1844 in New York City, was appointed Midshipman in the Navy 1 October 1861. Selected to command the Arctic Expedition fitted out by James Gordon Bennett for the attempt to reach the North Pole, Lieutenant Commander DeLong sailed from San Francisco in Jeanette 8 July 1879. Jeanette became embedded in an ice pack from which she never escaped and on 23 March 1882 a rescue expedition discovered the bodies of DeLong's party and brought them back to the United States. TB 28 and DD-129 were named in his honor.

[Weldon Fader DeLong, born 18 September 1915 in

Jhras Corner, Nova Scotia, Canada, enlisted in the 95 Marine Corps 20 September 1940, and served continuously until the time of his death at Point Cruz Guadalcanal, 3 November 1942. Corporal DeLong was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross for his valor Dd aggressive leadership in the action during which lost his life. DE-684 was named in his honor.

I
TB-28: dp. 196; 1. 175'; b. 17'; dr. 5'11"; s. 26 k.;
cpl. 29; a. 3 18" tt.)

The first DeLong (TB-28) was launched 23 November 1900 by George Lawley and Sons, South Boston ass.; sponsored by Mrs. S. DeL. Mills, daughter of lieutenant Commander DeLong; and commissioned 27 October 1902, Lieutenant J. F. Marshall in command.

Between 4 November 1902 and 2 July 1906, DeLong was assigned to the Reserve Torpedo Flotilla at Norfolk, VA., then was returned to full commission for torpedo practice and training along the Atlantic Coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. Again out of commission between 7 August 1909 and 30 April 1910, this time at Boston, DeLong was in reserve at Charleston from 20 May 1910 going to sea occasionally to maintain her readiness for action. She lay in ordinary between 14 March 1914 and 7 April 1917, when upon the entry of the United States into World War I, she was recommissioned and fitted out as a minesweeper.

DeLong was based on Norfolk for minesweeping duty until 2 May 1918, when she sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia, and patrol duty with the Submarine Chaser Flotilla. She also escorted seaplanes to sea for the Naval Aero Squadron based at Halifax, and from 1 August 1918 was known as Coast Torpedo Boat 14. She returned from Halifax to Boston 18 January 1919 and arrived at Philadelphia 4 February. There she was decommissioned 8 March 1919 and sold for scrapping 19 July 1920.


George Washington De Long

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George Washington De Long, (born August 22, 1844, New York, New York, U.S.—died October 30, 1881, Siberia [Russia]), American explorer whose disastrous Arctic expedition gave evidence of a continuous ocean current across the polar regions.

De Long conceived of a plan for reaching the North Pole while serving with a polar expedition that sailed around Greenland in 1873. Setting sail from San Francisco in July 1879, he took the Jeannette through the Bering Strait and headed for Wrangel Island, off the northeast coast of Siberia. At the time, many believed that Wrangel was a large landmass stretching far to the north, and De Long hoped to sail as far as possible along its coast and then to sled to the Pole. On September 5, however, the ship became trapped in the pack ice near Herald Island (now Gerald Island), east of Wrangel. While drifting northwestward for 21 months, De Long discovered the limited extent of Wrangel.

At 77°15′ N, 155° E, northeast of the New Siberian Islands, the Jeannette was crushed by ice (June 12, 1881) and sank the following day. The crew, including De Long, escaped with most of their provisions and three small boats. Their destination, the Siberian coast, lay some 600 miles (1,000 km) away. They endured extreme hardships for the next two months as they crossed the ice. After reaching open water, one of the boats and the men aboard were lost. The remaining boats became separated De Long’s reached the eastern side of the Lena River delta, and his engineer, George Melville, reached the western side. Melville’s party was rescued, but De Long and his men died of exposure and starvation.

De Long’s journal, in which he made regular entries until shortly before his death, was found a year later and published as The Voyage of the Jeannette (1883). Three years after the Jeannette was sunk, wreckage from it was found on an ice floe on the southwest coast of Greenland, a discovery that gave new support to the theory of trans-Arctic drift.


Brief history

Founder George Lawley (1823–1915) was born to a "family of boatbuilders in Limehouse (London), England." [1] He "began his career as an apprentice to Thomas and William Forrest while in England." [2] In 1852 Lawley "moved his family to Massachusetts." [2] He "found his first job in America with the East Boston ship designer, Donald McKay." [1] Lawley worked for McKay from 1852 until 1866.

Scituate, 1866-1874

[3] In 1866, "Lawley and fellow [McKay] worker William Maybury opened a shipyard in Scituate . for the construction of pleasure boats." [1] When George's son George Frederick Lawley (1848–1928) "joined the business . the company name became George Lawley and Son." [2]

South Boston, 1874-ca.1909

"In 1874 the yachting boom struck, and the firm transferred its yard to a more advantageous location near the city, a fairly large lot next to the Boston Yacht Club station at City Point in South Boston." [1] The city directory of 1875 locates George Lawley & Son at the "rear Horse Car Stables." [4] "Within a few years, the demand for new yachts became so great that the plant was moved to the north side of City Point." [1] From ca.1887 through ca.1892 the city directory locates the firm at East First and O Street, South Boston. [5]

"In 1890 the Lawleys associated with them Mr. Thomas Hibbard, who looked after the construction of the new steel shops. The business was then incorporated. . Mr. George Lawley, founder of the business, practically retired from active participation in the enterprise. Mr. George F. Lawley was elected president of the corporation." [6] "In 1901 the Lawleys began working for the United States Navy and launched two torpedo boats. In the years to come they would continue the association, especially during the World War I." [2] George's grandson, Frederick D. Lawley (1878–1953), "studied naval architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and subsequently joined the company as manager and designer" around 1902. [7]

By 1908, the firm had built over 800 ships, including "schooners Alcaea, Ingomar, Oonas, Idler, Latona, Endymion the sloops Jubilee, Weetamoe, Wayward, Katonah, Independence the steam yachts Alcedo, Aquilo, Satilla, Thetis, Kaleda, Carmina, Calumet, Anona, Visitor, Cigarette, Kehtoh, and Halawa the three-masted auxiliary schooner Alcyone the motor launches Zeeland, Elkhorn, Tonopah, Glenda, and Hupa." [6] The firm employed "200 to 400 hands, the majority of whom are highly-skilled mechanics." [6]

Dorchester, ca.1909-1946

Around 1908-1910, the firm "was practically crowded out of its City Point yard . by an overflow of work, and inability to expand, so the plant was moved across Dorchester Bay to the old Putnam Nail Works at Neponset." [1]

"In 1921 the Guinevere was built at the Neponset yard. It was the first yacht ever fitted with Diesel oil engines motoring her electric Westinghouse equipment which propelled the boat, hoisted the sails, lighted, heated and "cooked" the craft, and twirled the big gyroscope which keeps the boat on even keel." [1]


Epidemiology: Global Scenario and Indian Perspective

TB is a global health problem and the second leading infectious cause of death, after human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). As per the World Health Organization (WHO) reports, 6.1 million cases of TB were notified by national TB programs in 2012, of which 5.4 million were new cases.[5] Of these, 2.5 million had sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB), 1.9 million had sputum smear-negative PTB, and 0.8 million had extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) case type was unknown in the remaining cases.[5] India accounted for 26% of total cases of TB worldwide in 2012.[5] TB is one of the leading causes of mortality in India, killing two persons every 3 min, nearly 1000 every day.[6] The number of TB deaths is disappointingly large, given that the majority of these are preventable and that curative regimens have been available for a long time now.


Suspended BPD Lt. Delong has history of allegations

BUFFALO, N.Y. (WKBW) — The Buffalo Police lieutenant who was suspended Monday after being caught on tape verbally harassing a citizen has been accused of misconduct before, 7 Eyewitness News has learned.

A law enforcement source tells 7 Eyewitness News that Lt. Michael Delong was involved in a domestic incident in 2004 that was investigated by the Internal Affairs Division of the police department. The specifics of the internal investigation, as well as the outcome, are unknown.

Delong also got into a verbal disagreement with a 7 Eyewitness News photographer last week. The photographer was filming the arrest of 13 protesters in Niagara Square, and that incident was also caught on tape.

7 Eyewitness News reached out to Delong through Buffalo Police Benevolent Association President John Evans to see if Delong would like to give his side of the story or to have Evans speak for him. Evans did not respond to a message seeking comment.

On Monday, Delong was suspended after a recording surfaced of an incident at a 7-Eleven off Niagara Street by a woman confronting him about the officer’s handling of a man.

The woman questions why ten officers that she counted were on hand to arrest a man she said “is on drugs. Not in his right mind.”
Delong responded to the woman claiming the man was violent and holding a weight in his hand.
The woman recording the video said, “I wasn’t going to go near him.”

Delong responded, “Mhmm. You’re a disrespectful little f—— c—, that’s what you are.”
Buffalo Police Commissioner Byron Lockwood has ordered an immediate internal affairs investigation intoDelong. He has also been suspended without pay, according to police.

Online records show Delong made over $120,000 in 2018 and more than $96,000 last year.

Police spokesman Mike DeGeorge did not immediately respond to an email seeking comment about Delong’s history.


Unidentified: Inside America's UFO investigation

With the track 'Alien’s Exist', co-founder of Blink 182, Tom DeLonge revealed to the world his belief in UFOs, now he is taking this message to the small screen, in a new HISTORY series.

In fact, Alien’s Exist could be an alternative title for, the new six-part UFO show, Unidentified. The series follows DeLonge and a crack team of UFO researchers in exposing the incredible secrets of the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP), the American government’s secret UFO programme.

What makes this show so remarkable is the participation of Luis Elizondo, the former head of this secret UFO programme. Between 2007-2012 Elizondo ran AATIP, the $22 million project that was tasked with investigating the threat of UFOs over American skies and around the globe.

In Unidentified, Elizondo reveals details of the US government’s awareness, and cover-up of, extra-terrestrial lifeforms on earth. Added to Elizondo’s credibility is footage recorded from the cockpit of supposed encounters and testimony from pilots whose planes flew by these 'craft' as well as classified reports from foreign governments. Joining DeLonge and Elizondo to investigate AATIP reports of UFO sightings are Christopher Mellon, former United States Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defence for Intelligence and Hal Puthoff a respected physicist in the field of gravitational physics.

This series is going to change people's perception and it's going to change it quickly.

For Elizondo, a former intelligence official coming clean about his work was a huge challenge, as he explained to HISTORY, ‘I am a creature of the shadows, I spent my entire life in the shadows and it was a matter of survival for me. Anonymity and obscurity were my allies, they kept me safe. Though he must have had reservations about going on record in The New York Times AATIP exposé and appearing in Unidentified, he sees it for the greater good.‘Being able to have the conversation now with the American people so they can finally know what's really going on, I think it's a great privilege and honour for me.’ he explains. Yet Elizondo is still ex-military intelligence and certain classified subjects are not up for discussion in this interview or on the show:

Featuring the man who ran the Pentagon's UFO programme… and #Blink182's @tomdelonge #Unidentified Starts tonight at 9pm. pic.twitter.com/wcPUBNPWY1

— HISTORY UK (@HISTORYUK) August 26, 2019

‘I have to be mindful and cognizant that I have a non-disclosure agreement with the US government. I still can't talk about classified things. It's a little bit of walking a fine line because there are elements out there, looking at every single word I say and going over it with a fine toothcomb to see if I've messed up and I guess we'll know if you see me in an orange jumpsuit at some point. I’m trying to avoid that as much as possible. I don't look good in orange for the record.’

Whereas Elizondo, had no real interest in UFOs before he was assigned to AATIP , admitting, ‘I spent most of my life in national security chasing bad guys. I didn't have any preconceived notions about them’, DeLonge had been thinking about aliens since high-school. ‘I was a skateboarder, I was in Junior High and I had absolutely nothing to do but get in trouble with my brother. I remember thinking long and hard that there had to be more to our life than just getting a 9-5 job and becoming a human-robot so I started looking into the paranormal around the 7th grade. And from there I stumbled onto UFOs and that just became the most fascinating thing I’ve ever heard about or read about.’

Read more about: Mysteries

Luis Elizondo Unidentifed season two interview

After finding fame and fortune with Blink 182, DeLonge has since focused his energy back on his original passion, UFOs, founding To The Stars Academy of Arts & Science whose aims is to advance society’s understanding of UFO phenomena and its technological implications. DeLonge's plan for of TTSAAS is ambitious: ‘I think of the To the Stars Academy of Arts & Science in a similar situation to Google when the internet first started to come out to the public. With the internet, you had something that was poorly understood by the public at large but everyone who felt part of its creation knew that the potential of this thing was completely groundbreaking and would affect our world for the future as far as they could see. I pictured To The Stars in the same situation.'

Despite DeLonge’s cheery optimism, the idea that alien crafts regularly visit earth will fill most people with dread. We’ve all seen Independence Day, War of Worlds, even the Avengers, in fact can you even think of a film or TV show where the arrival of aliens doesn't have disastrous consequences for mankind? The existence of aliens would represent a huge existential crisis for humanity. Though DeLonge doesn't see it that way: ‘It's something that I think is going to push people together when we realise that our planet may not be that unique, that we're definitely volatile and definitely insignificant. So we should probably start treating each other more kindly and start working together to clean this place up. That's what my goal is. My goal is that by one or two generations from now, we've figured out this mess and we stop this tribal warfare that we've been locked in for so long.’

Before world peace can be achieved, DeLonge hopes that Unidentified will help to finally change the conversation about UFOs from being a fringe subject for the tin-foil hat brigade to a legitimate subject for discussion: 'This series is just the tip of an iceberg. My hope for the future is that people are no longer discussing if this is real or not. They're discussing what do we do about it and what does it all mean. I think we'll be getting there very shortly but absolutely, this series is going to change people's perception and it's going to change it quickly.'


Results

Demographic information

This study included 6976 patients admitted to the hospital with criteria for the diagnosis of CAP. The mean age for the study population was 59.5±17.5 years, and 4206 (60.3%) of them were male. Of the total patients included in the study, 60 were diagnosed with CAP due to TB. table 1 shows the demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients. Patients were distributed among four CAPO world regions. For patients with data on world region available, the distribution was: Asia/Africa/Australia (nine TB CAP and 76 non-TB CAP) Europe (20 TB CAP and 2035 non-TB CAP) Latin America (19 TB CAP and 1837 non-TB CAP) and USA/Canada (12 TB CAP and 2122 non-TB CAP).

CDC TB risk score

The following CDC risk factors had a positive significant association with a diagnosis of TB: 1) night sweats 2) haemoptysis 3) weight loss 4) HIV/AIDS 5) 10% or less of ideal body weight 6) prior history of TB 7) recent exposure to TB and 8) history of positive PPD. Conversely, patients with age >65 years and diabetes had a significantly lower risk of having TB. Thus, we present the accuracy and relative risk of these two variables with an inverse code, i.e. the association of TB aged <65 years and absence of diabetes (table 2).

At least one of the risk factors significantly associated with TB was present in 59 (98.3%) patients with TB and 6256 (90.5%) patients without TB. The presence of at least one of the risk factors significantly associated with TB had a sensitivity of 98.3%, specificity of 9.5%, positive predictive value of 0.9% and negative predictive value of 99.8% for the diagnosis of TB. Thus, in a patient without any of the CDC risk factors, TB is unlikely.

CAPO TB risk score

The CAPO TB risk score consisted of the following predictive variables: 1) night sweats 2) haemoptysis 3) combined weight loss/10% or less of ideal body weight 4) combined prior history of TB/recent exposure to TB/history of positive PPD and 5) upper lobe infiltrate localisation. We excluded age <65 years because it did not substantially change the model. Of the 60 patients with CAP due to TB, none had all five risk factors included in the CAPO TB risk score. Of the 6916 patients with CAP not due to TB, 28% had only one of the five risk factors included in the CAPO TB risk score.

The percentage of patients with CAP based on the CDC TB risk factors and the CAPO TB risk scores is shown in figure 1.

Percentage of patients with community-acquired pneumonia based on the number of Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tuberculosis (TB) risk factors and the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) TB risk scores.

Comparison of scores to predict CAP due to TB

The area under the ROC curve of the CAPO TB risk score (0.89, 95% CI 0.85–0.93 p<0.001) was significantly higher compared with a model that included the CDC TB risk score as the predictive variable (0.71, 95% CI 0.64–0.78 p<0.001). figure 2 shows the ROC curves of the risk scores.

Receiver operating characteristic curves of two risk scores to predict tuberculosis (TB) in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia. CAPO: Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization CDC: Centers of Disease Control and Prevention.


DeLong - TB-28 - History

USS DeLong , a 196-ton Blakely class torpedo boat built at South Boston, Massachusetts, was commissioned in late October 1902. Between that year and 1906 she was part of the Reserve Torpedo Flotilla, based at Norfolk, Virginia. In full commission during 1906-1909, she operated along the U.S. East Coast and in the Gulf of Mexico, then was in reserve status at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1910-1914. After being laid up "in ordinary" for three years, in April 1917 DeLong was recommissioned for World War I service. She was employed on minesweeping duty at Norfolk until May 1918, when she was sent to Halifax, Nova Scotia, for patrol service. Renamed Coast Torpedo Boat 14 in August 1918, she remained at Halifax for the rest of World War I and for a few months afterwards. The torpedo boat returned to the U.S. in January 1919 and in March of that year was decommissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was sold for scrapping in July 1920.

USS DeLong was named in honor of Lieutenant Commander George W. DeLong, USN, (1844-1881), who commanded the 1879-1881 Jeannette Arctic Expedition.

This page features all the views we have concerning USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28).

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28)

At the Boston Navy Yard, 29 October 1902, two days after she went into commission.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 91KB 740 x 570 pixels

USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28)

Under construction at the George Lawley & Sons shipyard, South Boston, Massachusetts, 3 July 1900.
Probably photographed from on board her sister torpedo boat, USS Blakely (Torpedo Boat # 27).

Photograph from the Skerritt Collection, Bethlehem Steel Corporation Archives. Provided by courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 129KB 740 x 610 pixels

USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28)

Fitting out on 1 July 1901. She was built by George Lawley & Sons, South Boston, Massachusetts.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Online Image: 70KB 740 x 585 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Archives photographic reproduction system.

The following photographs may show USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28):

Photographed in 1901, while fitting out. This torpedo boat is either USS Blakely (Torpedo Boat # 27) or USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28), both built at South Boston, Massachusetts.

Photograph from the Skerritt Collection, Bethlehem Steel Corporation Archives. Provided by courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 107KB 740 x 605 pixels

At a U.S. East Coast port, during the early 1900s. This torpedo boat is either USS Blakely (Torpedo Boat # 27) or USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28).

Courtesy of Ted Stone, 1986.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 59KB 740 x 445 pixels

Two U.S. Navy Torpedo Boats

At the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, circa late 1905. These are probably USS Porter (Torpedo Boat # 6) and USS DeLong (Torpedo Boat # 28).
The decommissioned cruiser San Francisco is at left and the collier Ajax is in the center background, with other torpedo boats alongside her.


Star Ruby

The Delong Star Ruby resides in the Natural History Museum in New York City. Weighing 100.32 carats, it is a beautiful deep purplish red in colour, Burmese origin, and has an extremely sharp 6-rayed star effect.


The DeLong Star Ruby gets its name from Mrs. Edith Haggin de Long. She purchased the stone in 1937 from Martin Leo Ehrmann, the renowned gem and mineral collector and dealer, who travelled worldwide in search of rare and expensive gems and minerals, building up a great collection of rare minerals. Mrs Edith Haggin de Long later donated the extraordinary orchid-red star ruby to the American Museum of Natural History and the gemstone was named the De Long Star Ruby in her memory.


In 1964, the Delong Star Ruby was the object of an infamous burglary, carried out by Jack Murphy, known as Murph the Surf, and two other men. It was then ransomed and recovered. The Delong Star was found at a designated drop off site - a phone booth in Florida.

What's next?

Have a look at arguably the finest gemstone ever - The Rosser Reeves Ruby.


‘Keep Your Bedroom Windows Open!’ and Other Advice

View of a health warning notice about influenza, from the Anti-Tuberculosis League, posted on the inside of a public transport vehicle, 1918 - 1920.

Cincinnati Museum Center/Getty Images

Around the same time the San Francisco Chronicle ran its mask PSAs, newspapers around the country published a cartoon of a man hacking in public that warned, 𠇌oughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases: As Dangerous As Poison Gas Shells”𠅊gain linking fighting the flu to fighting World War I. Newspapers used the cartoon to illustrate coverage of a special bulletin from Surgeon General Rupert Blue about the flu and how Americans could protect themselves from it.

“The value of fresh air through open windows cannot be over emphasized,” Blue said. “When crowding is unavoidable, as in street cars, care should be taken to keep the face so turned as not to inhale directly the air breathed out by another person. It is especially important to beware of the person who coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth and nose.”

Many newspaper carried large-print PSAs with similar advice. One announcement featuring a large picture of a masked woman urged, with unusual phrasing, 𠇍o not take any person’s breath.” In Cincinnati, a board of health sign posted on streetcars told everyone to “Keep Your Bedroom Windows Open!” Like many other PSAs, the sign emphasized that precautions against the flu could also prevent the spread of other deadly infectious diseases like pneumonia and tuberculosis.

Messaging in 1918 also emphasized that special health measures weren’t just important because they kept the person who followed them safe. They were also important because they helped protect those around them. Cartoonist Clifford T. Berryman highlighted this in an illustration of a sneezing little boy and an older man who stood in for “The Public.” Looking at the little boy, the man said: “Use the handkerchief and do your bit to protect me.”


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